Saturday, February 16, 2019
The Problem of Street Children in Brazil Essay -- Poverty Child Impove
The solid ground of p all overty is a complex one with similarities seen in every society. In Brazil, poverty has created an especially dark situation in which societys approximately unde copeed children be forced to live or work on the streets and fend for their lives on a daily basis. In legion(predicate) societies, poor children are exposed to street life, but Brazil is interesting in that many of its citizens have changed their mentalities from viewing street children as creative ?urchins? to viewing them as vermin that moldiness be discarded, often through murder, all musical composition blaming the victim. In the world of poverty, there is extreme competition for few resources, and it is some other low-income people who often support wiping children off the streets, instead of sympathizing with them. It is a great paradox that Brazil, with some of the worlds most progressive legislation regarding children, encompassed in the polity of the Child and Adolescent of 1990, also has some of the world?s most horrendous violations of human rights against the group. A combination of market forces, the state, and international organizations must fight poverty and societal structures that farewell children susceptible to violence if they, and consequently Brazil?s future, are to survive.The root cause of street children is poverty. ? campestral poverty, neglect, and enforced displacement from the land? forced huge numbers of peasants to leave the countryside for urban areas, hoping for industrial jobs especially in cities like Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo (Jubilee Action 1998). The subprogram of urbanization increased in the 1970s and 1980s, with 56% of Brazil?s population living in urban areas in 1970, which increased to over 75% by 1990 (Moulin and Pereira 2000, 44). Whereas in the rural areas they wer... ... Risk in Rio de Janeiro.? In Children on the Streets of the Americas, ed. Roslyn Arlin Mickelson. New York Routledge.Petit, Juan Miguel. 2004. ?R ights of the Child Mission to Brazil.? The Special Rapporteur on the trade of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography. www.andi.org.br/_pdfs/JuanMiguelPetitreport.pdf. 2 Dec. 2004.Scheper-Hughes, Nancy and Daniel Hoffman. 1998. ?Brazilian Apartheid Street Kids and the fence for Urban Space.? In Small Wars The Cultural Politics of Childhood, ed. Nancy Scheper-Hughes and Carolyn Sargent. Los Angeles The University of California Press.Vianna, national leader Magalhaes and Iara Marques. 1994. Decentralization and Policies for the Protection of Children and Adolescents in Brazil. UNICEF International Child Development Centre. Innocenti passing(a) Papers Decentralization and Local Governance Series, Number 14.