Monday, April 8, 2019
Pakistan Flood Essay Example for Free
Pakistan Flood EssayThe Pakistan flood of 2010 happened on Monday the 26th July 2010 in the villages Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and Gilgit-Baltistan.CausesThe heavy rains were caused by a monsoon depression (also called a monsoon low) that formed oer the Bay of Bengal on July 24, crossed over India, and reached Pakistan on July 27 Climate change There was unusually heavy monsoon rains which caused widespread flooding in Pakistan, whilst coincide in Russia unusually high temperatures ( resulting in a heat wave). Both of which were attributed to global warming. Poor river careImpactsOver 500,000 or more heap had been displaced from their homes At least 1,540 people died, 2,088 people had received injuries and 557,226 houses had been destroyed. substructure was destroyed. The Karakoram Highway, which connects Pakistan with China, was closed after a bridge was destroyed. Floodwater destroyed the health care basis leaving people vulnerable to water-borne dis ease Millions of crops were destroyed leaving a severe shortage of food across the artless solvents* petitions were immediately launched by international organisation, like the UKs Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) and the UN (United Nations) to help Pakistanis hit by the floods * the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) provided support in disaster management authorities to assist move populations from affected areas of southern Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, * Many charities and aid agencies provided help, including the Red Crescent and Medicines Sans Frontiers* Pakistans establishment also attempt to raise money to help the huge number of people affected * however there were complaints that the Pakistan government was slow to respond to the crisis, and that it struggled to cope * Foreign Governments donated jillions of dollars, and Saudi Arabia and theUSA promised $600 million in flood aid. But many people felt that the richer foreign governments didnt do enough to help * The UNs knowledge base Food Programme provided crucial food aid. But, by November 2010, they were warning that they might have cut the marrow of food handed out, because of a lack of donations from richer countriesEffectsThere were both long-term and short-term effects, they let inShort-term-* At least 1600 people died* Aid couldnt get through because of the failing infrastructure 45 major bridges and thousands of kilometres of roads were destroyed or badly damaged, limiting the aid supplies attain the areas badly affected* loss of cattle resulted in loss of dairy products* Access to health care, much(prenominal) as maternity care was difficult due to the damaged infrastructureLong-term-* 20 million Pakistanis were affected (over 10% of the population), 6 million needed food aid * Whole villages were swept away, and over 700,000 homes were damaged or destroyed * Hundreds of thousands of Pakistanis were displaced, and many suffered from malnutrition and a lack o f clean water * 5000 miles of roads and railways were water-washed away, along with 1000 bridges * 160,000km2 of land were affected. Thats at least 20% of the country * astir(predicate) 6.5 million acres of crops were washed away in Punjab and Sindh provincesFutureLocal authority-run disaster management forums, including local anesthetic men and women were set up to assess future flood situation and created Community Rapid Response Teams to plan search and rescue activities. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) produced a plan toemploy local tradesmen to help reconstruct shelters, etc which in turn provided an income for those people this will pass on the local economy to grow. Reconstructing and strengthening the irrigation band was deemed crucial to protect villages in the future. A plan to remodel embankment and well maintain them was created.